HB2015Home_SC

Designing the 2015 Home

In the October issue of Homebuilding & Renovating magazine Charlie’s column explains how to approach the art of contemporary design.

If you wanted to build a modern home very much of its time, what would you do? Architectural designer and TV expert Charlie Luxton explains how to approach the art of the contemporary.

Will the 2015 home please stand up? Looking back at the early modernist masterpiece houses is a humbling experience. What is striking is that these early 20th-century buildings – 100 years old or so – still appear amazingly modern and relevant. Open plan living was coming into trend in the 1910s houses of Adolf Loos, and Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright were perfecting organic architecture and machines for living in the 1920s. Mies van der Rohe had sliding walls of glass and stripped minimalism in the ’30s. The Eames House of the ’40s was embracing mass-production and had already moved beyond modernist bombast and dogmatic aesthetics.

Surveying this pantheon of buildings, it is easy to wonder exactly what has moved on in the last 60 years — and that perhaps designers have all been doing cover versions ever since. However, there are issues and ideas being tackled by housing in 2015 that make them very specific to now. A number of trends can be seen in home design today that show where we are advancing and challenging the masters of the past.

Contextualism

Place and context have become an increasingly important concept in modern housing. The big criticism of much 20th-century house design is that it ignores local building styles and the important narrative roles houses play in the feel of a town or village. Limited availability of materials traditionally meant there was a unity of appearance to housing, often dominated by a local stone or brick. Modern transportation broke that relationship and the result has not always been positive. Buildings are not like cars, chairs or almost any other product. They do not move and therefore need to relate to their surroundings in a permanent and unique way. The best 2015 homes have a much stronger relationship to their surroundings through their materials, details and style. This contemporary vernacular is not about mimicking or copying (much as the planners want us to) but bringing together the specific character of a place and its buildings with those of your new home. There are so many wonderful design ideas to reference in the vernacular buildings of the UK, that starting from scratch with no reference to them seems so last century.

Low Maintenance

Another major failing of much contemporary architecture is that it doesn’t allow for the realities of time and ageing. Seemingly conceived in an idealised reality where time, weathering and decay don’t occur, the white rendered box (and its like) never look so good with green algae stains or if a beautiful white smooth plaster interior gets a boot scuff. It’s the illusion of perfection and while many buildings look fantastic in the publicity shoots, they age badly. Ageing is inevitable and good buildings should, like wine, add a new layer of beauty through it. Natural, traditional and interesting materials like brick, clay tiles, timber shingles, stone, wood or metal can not only tie a building into its location but can age beautifully too. The 2015 home understands this and embraces it.

Careful with Glass

For much of the 20th century, walls of glass were a real statement of modernity; expensive and hard to achieve. In the 21st century the folding sliding door is ubiquitous — a stock response to maximise a view or create a connection outside. The reality, both then and now, is that too much glass can result in overheating in summer and the opposite in winter. While this can be overcome through good design and modern technology the truth is that a wall of glass often lessens the impact of a view, whereas a carefully composed window frames it and heightens its effect. Acres of glazing do little for acoustics or creating a sense of place, often resulting in echoey washed-out rooms that have no soul. The 2015 house is sparing with its glass, preferring quality of view and performance of window over quantity. This includes glass balustrades — so last century….

Energy Consumption

Perhaps the main thing to have changed since the wonder of early modernism and defines good architecture today is its impact, or lack of it, on our beseiged environment. Superficially, at least, house design may appear to have not advanced much in the last 100 years, but functionally instead; how well insulated, sealed, ventilated and serviced they are has changed fundamentally. Many of these 20th-century masterpieces were awful to live in – too cold, too hot, too draughty and a nightmare to maintain – and it’s taken the intervening years for technology to catch up and make them comfortable and affordable to heat. Increasingly, automation and integration of systems are key to further reducing energy consumption, achieving more with less. Low energy consumption, embodied energy, internal air quality and responsible sourcing of materials are central to the 2015 house.

The Emergence of Fun

The modern home has for many years been a very serious place where people who drive German cars and eat muesli live in grey crisply ironed clothes.

The white rendered, glass walled, tight arsed, shiny hard house has had its day. The 2015 house has wit, humour and idiosyncrasy. It can parody itself, be quirky, irrational and fun. It references and responds to both its site and surrounding buildings. It cares for the planet, ages gracefully yet maintains the ambition and lessons of the modernist masters. Every building, no matter what the budget, is an opportunity to make the world a little better and the crop of 2015 shouldn’t waste it.

  • IMG_5296 16/10/2017Getting started It’s always exciting when a project starts on site. Here the intention is to retain the existing 1960s form and extensively remodel the interior. Load bearing walls have been removed to open up the interior and make once unusable spaces usable
  • You&Yours 13/10/2017You & Yours Catch Charlie on BBC Radio 4’s consumer affairs programme You & Yours today at 12.15pm, where he’ll talk about the trend for improving your home rather than moving home.
  • 4 12/10/2017Best laid plans Charlie’s new show, Best Laid Plans starts on Channel4 this coming Saturday afternoon, 4.30pm. Charlie and property developer Sophie Morgan help couples undertaking large scale renovations solve their design dilemmas. Get the kettle on!
  • IMG_9429 10/10/2017Stripping back Work has started on transforming the skeleton of an old bungalow which will provide the shell for a new two-storey family home. Window openings frame the views across the countryside beyond as the new polished concrete flooring goes down.
  • IMG_3089 02/10/2017Re-store This cottage near Burford has been re-roofed, re-pointed and under-pinned. Short of being totally re-built, the corner of the building has been removed to make way for a large window opening for what will become the snug. The concrete slab for the extension
  • 170928_Section A-A 25/09/2017Planning permission Planning permission has been granted for us to convert two tired bungalows in to a future-proofed family home. We will now start detailing the building to fit it in/on the site’s challenging topography.
  • HBR2017 16/09/2017Homebuilding & Renovating Show The Homebuilding & Renovating Show  is back in London at the Excel Centre between 22nd and 24th September. Charlie will be in the Self Build Theatre at 12.30 giving a Beginners Guide to Building a Low-Energy Home, then again at 2pm, with A Step-by-Step Guide
  • Proposed ElevationsSW&SE 12/09/2017Conservation Praise We’ve just submitted a planning application for this family home in the woods on the outskirts of Ledbury. The principle building conservation officer was so impressed he stated that they would, ‘Recommend Approval with conditions: The proposals are for a
  • Whole Building 05/09/2017Permission received at Graven Hill Our first project at the exciting self-build development Graven Hill near Bicester has received it’s plot passport compliance – basically the same as planning permission. Good news!
  • IMG_8710 31/08/2017Finishing the foundations at Beanacre We’re out of the ground and the foundations have been finished at Beanacre. For a more in depth account of how it happened, click on this link to Charlie’s blog at the Homebuilding & Renovating website.
|